The ammonia market is driven primarily by urea consumption (around 50 – 60 percent) and fertilizer demand (30 – 35 percent). The Ammonia market is important due to its link to food consumption and population growth. Ammonia is key in production of urea, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate and nitrogen phosphorus potassium (NPK) fertilizers. Additionally a number of applications including urea based resins, fibres such as acrylics and nylons, polyurethanes, refrigerants and explosives make use of it. The other industrial applications typically account for 10 percent or less of global ammonia consumption.
Ammonia is produced based on the synthetic process developed by Haber and Bosch. Produced by reaction of hydrogen and nitrogen over catalyst. The report discusses the feedstock issues experienced by ammonia producers. Air is the source of nitrogen while methane or heavier hydrocarbons are used to supply hydrogen. Hydrogen is ( as described in our syngas report) produced from natural gas, coal and other hydrocarbons. The majority of ammonia production is via natural gas with the rest being due to coal mainly, each plant globally is listed in the report. The syngas is purified before being fed to the reactor to remove impurities. After purification, the syngas is compressed and fed to the synthesis loop where it is combined with cycled gas and converted to ammonia in a high pressure reaction.
This report provides intelligence and analysis on ammonia supply sources, demand drivers and trade. The report includes a 5 year history and 10 year forecast for all major producing regions listed below with new capacity additions documented. The report includes demand of ammonia into its end use applications such as urea, direct application fertilizers, etc., making use of intelligence within Petrochemical Reporters data base to obtain a detailed analysis of demand based on derivative consumption. An overview of each of the commercial technologies mentioned will be included in the appendix along with a detailed methodology.