Acrylonitrile is produced by propylene ammoxidation, a heterogeneous vapour phase catalytic oxidation of ammonia and propylene. The majority of acrylonitrile (around 95%) is produced using the BP process which contains the legacy of Sohio and Distillers original propylene ammoxidation process. However, the propane based ammoxidation is generating interest. The commercially important byproducts hydrogen cyanide, acetonitrile and ammonium sulfate are produced during the propane and propylene based ammoxidation. Hydrogen cyanide is used in methyl methacrylate production and sodium cyanide. Acetonitrile is a useful solvent and tightness in its demand is often linked to low acrylonitrile production rates. Ammonium sulfate is used in fertilizer applications.
Acrylonitrile is used frequently in the production of polymers. The predominant use of acrylonitrile is in its production of acrylic and modacrylic fibres. One of the growing applications for acrylic fibres is in production of carbon fiber (for which we have market and techno-economic reports), though this is small compared to the textile application of acrylic fibres. Thermoplastics with high strength impact such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and acrylonitrile styrene acrylate are also produced from acrylonitrile.
One of the biggest drivers over the forecast period is acrylonitrile butadiene styrene demand. New ABS production plants are being built in the Middle East, Eastern Europe and South America in addition to acrylamide. A swath of new capacity is currently due to come online in 2017, the report details which developments have been delayed due to fears of a weakening economy.
This report provides intelligence and analysis on Acrylonitrile supply sources, demand drivers and trade. The report includes a 5 year history and 10 year forecast for all major producing regions listed below with new capacity additions documented. This report provides intelligence and analysis on Acrylonitrile supply sources, demand drivers and trade. The report also includes end use applications such as acrylic fibres and ABS, making use of intelligence within Petrochemical Reporters data base to obtain a detailed analysis of demand based on derivative consumption. An overview of each of the commercial technologies mentioned will be included in the appendix along with a detailed methodology.